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How To Start Orignal Honey Business As Wholesaler And Retailer Busines Plan in Nigeria. Contact us for the Complete Comprehensive Guide on How to Start Orignal Honey Business As Wholesaler And Retailer In Nigeria Click here

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Honey is now becoming an essential commodity or should I say a commodity of necessity. You can distinguish yourself in this business by selling original honey to consumers.

How Much Do I Need Start Orignal Honey Business As Wholesaler And Retailer Business In Nigeria

Honey business is a kind of business that can give a 100% turn over every month. Honey is a commodity that is well sort after in Nigeria and other countries. It is eaten by all ages ranging from the adults, youths and children either directly or indirectly. It is gotten from a beehive, golden brown in colour and very thick. It has various uses mostly for medicines cosmetics and food.

Honey business is a kind of business that can give a 100% turn over every month. Honey is a commodity that is well sort after in Nigeria and other countries. It is eaten by all ages ranging from the adults, youths and children either directly or indirectly. It is gotten from a beehive, golden brown in colour and very thick. It has various uses mostly for medicines cosmetics and food.

Honey is now becoming an essential commodity or should I say a commodity of necessity. You can distinguish yourself in this business by selling original honey to consumers. Let me assure you, if you are consistent in the supply of original honey then you have already opened your door to financial freedom.

It can be gotten anywhere in Nigeria either in small or large quantities. But it is available in large quantities in areas or States that shares boundary with Cameroon. Ethiopia is the largest producer of honey in Africa.


Another place to get honey in large quantity for your honey business is Gembu, Taraba State, Obanliku Local Government Area along Obudu Cattle Range Road, Cross River State. They have a honey market where they sell honey in large quantity. Many people in that area are into bee farming for commercial purposes. You will get enough to buy because they even sell in drums. Gboko in Benue State and Nsukka in Enugu State also produce original honey for commercials.

In Nigeria, the current domestic consumption rate of honey is over a whopping 380,000 tonnes per annum. However, the country produces only about 2,000 tons of beeswax and 16,000 tons of honey in a year. Meanwhile, Nigeria spends over N3 billion on the importation of honey from China, annually.

The honey production business is one of Nigeria’s widely unexploited ventures, despite its multi-million dollar potential. As such, anyone interested in starting up a low capital, yet lucrative a gribusiness, should consider this honey production business in Nigeria.

What Is The Honey Production Business About?

The honey production business involves beekeeping, extracting and then processing honey for its commercial value. It has a lot of economic and health value, making it a very lucrative agribusiness in many places around the world.

Honey is produced from bee species like the Western honey bee (A. mellifera), and the Eastern honey bee (Apis cerana). Ripened nectar gathered in the sac of a bee is deposited into unused honeycomb cells. Other worker bees in the hive add more enzymes and enrich the deposits they ingest. Mature honey is placed back in the combs and capped with a light coating of beeswax.

On average, a bee colony produces about 60-100 pounds of honey every year. Honey farmers take out full honeycombs then extract its content. The honey is then processed through heating and further packaged in bottles. Unpackaged honey is stored in containers and kept in a cool area.

Honey is a hot-selling commodity in the international market, with 1 kg of its raw or organic forms sold at anywhere from $150 and above. In 2017, countries like New Zealand, Spain, China, Ukraine, Germany, Mexico, and more exported about 2.4 billion dollars’ worth of honey.
China is currently the top honey producer and exporter while the US is the highest importer.

Business Opportunities In Honey Production Business Around The World

There are millions of people who use honey as a healthy alternative to sugar in Nigeria and around the world. The daily and different uses of this natural product by so many people generate very high demand.

Consequently, the market for honey has expanded every year, and it keeps growing. This fast-paced growth has created several business opportunities for honey producers.
Some of them are:

1). Beauty Product Market:

Every day, health and beauty lovers invent varying and effective ways to use honey in combatting hair and skin issues. Refined honey is combined with other substances to improve the skin, hair, and nail conditions. It hydrates dry cuticles, deep conditions all hair types, treats acne, and moisturizes & cleanses the skin.

Honey contains a lot of nutrients that slow down or prevent ageing and wrinkles. Products infused with honey include conditioners, moisturizers, full body scrubs, facial cleansers, face masks, lotions, and more.
Numerous beauty companies add honey to their skin and health care products. Honey producers can make significant profits from selling honey to these companies.

2). Medicinal Natural Remedy:

Honey is a centuries-old, natural treatment for many ailments. It is combined with some current medicines to combat bacterial and inflammatory infections. It’s also excellent for dressing wounds, treating burns, and easing a cough. Honey cures and prevents digestive troubles and viral diseases like measles.

The market for honey in the medical industry is a growing one as people are going back to the natural/organic lifestyle. One could earn a steady profit from supplying honey to herb doctors and natural healers on a regular basis.

3). Food Processing And Drink Businesses:

The food and pastry business is perhaps the largest market for honey. The non-sugary, sweetening syrup is an ingredient in the domestic and commercial preparation of meals and drinks. It doubles as a flavor and substitute sweetener.
Food processing companies and homemakers preserve certain drinks and foods with this natural product.

4). Wholesale And Retail Sales:

Honey can be produced and distributed to wholesale and retail outlets within and outside a city or state. Producers can also sell honey on different online stores.

5). Honey Product Exports:

Exporting raw, refined, or organic honey is highly profitable. The global market for this commodity is rapidly growing with China and New Zealand in the lead. One can tap into this business opportunity and earn thousands of dollars on a monthly basis.

6). Industrial Opportunities:

Manufacturers of items like royal jelly, candles, antibiotics, cleaning wax, and salves are a large market for honey producers. A contract to supply raw honey and beeswax to these companies is a great way to earn a constant income from the trade.

7). Beekeeping:

Honey producers can breed and keep bees for personal or commercial use. With bees going extinct in most parts of the world, the honey production business will sustain and increase the bee population.
Beekeeping has considerable value in domestic and foreign markets. It is one business that will boost Africa’s economy.

Facts And Benefits Of The Honey Production Business

• The honey production business in Nigeria involves beekeeping and in some cases, bee breeding.
• Producers extract honey with a honey extractor or by crushing the combs.
• Small-scale honey production relies on manual operations. On the other hand, large-scale honey production involves technological and mechanical devices.
• This natural product is an excellent export commodity because of its long shelf life.
• Raw and organic kinds of honey are yellowish and cloudy because of their low pasteurization levels.
• Refined honey has a golden-brown colour.
• Honey production is a year-round venture.
• The wide-range industrial and domestic use of honey broadens its market annually.
• Nigeria has the perfect climatic conditions and environment for breeding and keeping bees.
• Honey production businesses are part-time or full-time venture options.

Farmers are collecting the honey and sell it in the market, but nowadays honey farming has become a professional work.
There are forty types of honey with their unique taste and property; some of them are

• Alfalfa
• Blueberry
• Buckwheat
• Clover
• Manuka
• Orange Blossom
• Wildflower

Raw Material for Honey Business

The Honey Processing Business need more attention and care while handling the hives, you must have beginners kit, apiary armor, hive tools, smoker, smoker fuel, medication etc.

The most important raw material is food for bees.
In spite of the fact that there is a wide range of developments under investigation over the globe, three sorts of hives are most popular.

Top Bar Hive

It allows you to keep your bees at a convenient height. Involving of the alone and long box, this hive goes in for singular frames, which substitute for a characteristic honeycomb.
You should organize around 24 wooden bars under the wide and lengthy roof of the box. Each bar must have a starter strip, which the honeybees will use for setting up the brush.

Langstroth Hives

It is vertically hanging frames allow the honey bees to set up their honeycomb advantageously. It is expansive and modular in design.
There are spaces between the inside covering of the beehive and the frames. There is space between one casing and the following.
Langstroth hive has enough space that guarantees that bees can’t stick each other.

Warre Hives

Warre hives are square boxes for this sort of hive. He felt that honey bees would prosper in a setting taking after the indigenous habitat, Warre hives, for example. Hollow Tree.
Each box is light and little, making the moving procedure very simple. Of course, there is a progression of slats, which traverse over the surface of each box.
The honey bees guarantee that their honeycomb hangs vertically downwards. The top of the container has material, which is appropriate for absorbing condensation.

Horizontal Frames Hives

They are portable, instead of being settled as in the Top Bar Hives. The hive is reusable, even subsequent to gathering honey a few times. Easy to maintain

Rose Hive

It requires a lot of rooms since the cases are bigger. Normally, every case will require a lot of frames. Obviously, it is conceivable to continue including boxes, particularly since the broods continue duplicating.
The advantage of the rose hive is you can remove all the honey at one time, instead of going to frame by frame for collecting honey.
Here we have mentioned some various types of beehives

• Beehaus
• CDB Hives
• Commercial Hives
• Dartington Long Deep Hives
• Flow Hives
• Langstroth Hives
• Long Box Hives
• Perone Hives
• Top Bar Hives
• Traditional Hives
• Warre Hives
• WBC Hives

Lists of Machinery used in Honey farming Business

After selecting an ideal location for Honey Processing Business another important task is to divide it into four parts or key module.
These are collection center, processing center, packaging center, and warehouse.
Packaging: the packaging of honey is totally up to you; you can package it in a bottle with transparent packaging or designer printed bottle packaging and ensure that the honey is free from impurity.
There are some types of equipment you need while bee farming process, some of them are mentioned below:

• Bee Venom Collector
• Draining Trays
• Food Graded Plastic Made Queen Cage
• Gravity Clarifiers
• Heating Tank
• Hive Gate
• Honey Extractor
• Honey Filtering Tanks
• Iron Hive Tools Of L Shaped & Curved Shaped
• Measuring and Testing Equipment.
• Packaging Machine
• Queen Gate
• Pollen Trap
• Queen Rearing Kit
• Smoker
• Queen Excluder
• SS Hive Tools Of L Shaped & Curved Shaped
• Storage Tanks
• Thin & Thick Beekeeping Brushes

Manufacturing Process of Honey Business

We need to follow the 5 steps for processing honey.

Step 1: Open Hive Frame:

Remove the top of the hive box, smoke up the opening to deliver the best lower to the hive box Remove inner cover you need a mini-crowbar-style hive tool to remove the inner hive.

Step 2: Remove Beehive:

After opening the inner frame of hive you need to remove the bees from the farming area. This helps to take honey from the frame. Bees are removed using a bee brush, smoker, electric blower, or keep the hive frame aside so bees are escapes and you can get the honey.

Step 3: Unclamp Honey:

After bees are escaped you get the hive frame with the honeycomb which is sealed with the wax. You need to cut down the honey wax using a knife to open the honeycomb; one hive frame is having 1.5 kg of honey.

Step 4: Honey Extraction:

Honey extraction is the process where the honey get collected from the honey hove comb.

There Are Different Types Of The Honey Extraction Method:

Honey Extractors

Honey extractors are the electrically or manually operated machine which is based on the principle of centrifugal force. This method is used to extract honey without destroying comb, especially used while the honey is produced using the Langstroth hives.

Straining Extraction Method

Straining extraction method used for fresh harvest, honey.
This is the very simpler method; where the wax is removed from the honey cell and allows it to pass through straining cloth which is placed and tie over the container.
Before packaging collect the scum (wax or cream) from the honey using the spoon.

Bulk Extraction Method

In the bulk extraction method, honey is pass through the various sizes of sieves.
Sump tank is connected to the series which is arranged in a concentric manner. The semi refine honey is heated at the sump tank with 45°C to 50°C and then it passed through the sieves tank using gravitational force.
Scum (wax or cream) is collected to the topmost sieves and strained honey is getting collected in final sieves.

Pressing Extraction Method:

This is the traditional method of honey extraction.
In this method, the honeycomb is pressed using the honey press, which is done after harvesting.
After pressing extraction method honey is processed using water bathe extraction or strainer extraction method for fine quality.

Water Bath Extraction Method

In this method, semi-processed honey is extracted which is in the crystalline form. Where honey gets heated in containers with 45°C to 50°C and then it allows passing through strainer cloth.

How To Start A Honey Production Business In Nigeria: A Step By Step Guide

1). Business Plan:

The business plan for your honey production business in Nigeria should contain well-researched information. Outline your plans with precise details of your goals, objectives, method of operation, scale of production, marketing strategies, and much more.

2). Capital:

The scale of operations and type of honey to be produced determines the amount of capital required to set up and run the business. Small loans from relatives and personal savings can finance a small to medium scale honey production business in Nigeria.

3). Choose A Good Location:

Select a production site only after you have surveyed the area and considered its advantages and problems. For instance, an organic honey producer’s farm has to be located in an area that is free from chemical pollution.
Beehives thrive in quiet and isolated areas with water and food (nectar) source within a 1-kilometre range. The fewer distance bees have to travel to get nectar, the more honey they produce. Also, avoid waterlogged, termite infested areas.

4). Register Your Business And Product:

Register your business with the Corporate Affairs Commission in Nigeria and any beekeeping and honey association in your state.
Furthermore, quality control and health standards are concerns in this business. Therefore, getting the NAFDAC approval on your product is necessary.

5). Bee Variety:

Since wild bees are the main source of honey in Nigeria, the way to get domesticated breeds are from local bee farms or by importing western or eastern hybrids bees from other countries.

6). Pests And Diseases:

Control pests and diseases like:

• Pests; termites, hive beetle, wax moth
• Diseases; Viral and bacterial infections like Chalkbrood and Nosema diseases that affect bees, decreasing the hives and honey production.

7). Raw Materials And Production Materials:

Raw materials and production materials are required at different phases of your farming operation.
• Harvesting Process; before removing the combs, put on protective gloves and a masked helmet. The three methods for driving off bees are the smoking, board separation, and sweeping methods.

• Production Process; Honey production has three main steps. First, there is the extraction process using an extractor or manual crushing. Next, the extracted substance is strained to remove any beeswax particles. The extracted honey is heated to liquefy and purify honey. Remember, organic and raw types of honey do not go through a heavily filtered or heated process like the regular honey. Pasteurization of raw and organic honey production does not exceed 95 degrees.

8). Maintenance:

Hive farms should be visited at least once a week to keep an eye out for pests and diseases that can destroy hives and reduce productivity. Unused hives should be cleaned and baited regularly to attract more bees.
Beeswax or anything containing beeswax baits wild bees. However, these bees might carry diseases that could infect the other hives. Be sure to check and treat infectious bees to prevent infestation.

9). Processing And Packaging:

A honey producer or commercial distributor manages the daily processing of regular honey. Either way, the process involves heating up tanks filled with honey. At 48°C, the crystals within the honey melt and clear out impurities.
Uniquely package and creatively brand your product. It’s important to pay attention to the name, colour, and shape of the package. When the three packaging aspects are well combined, it attracts consumers, which further increases sales.

Note that plastic or glass bottles are the best containers for liquid sweeteners like honey. Plastic gallons and buckets can be used for storing unpackaged honey.

Click here to get the complete guide on the above business plan  Click Here

Uses of this Business Plan (PDF and Word)

This business plan can be used for many purposes including:

•    Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
•    Applying for a bank loan
•    Start-up guide to launch your business
•    As a business proposal
•    Assessing profitability of the business
•    Finding a business partner
•    Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
•   Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

Contents of this Business Plan (PDF and Word)

This business plan include:

•    Marketing Strategy
•    Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
•    Industry Analysis
•    Market Analysis
•    Risk Analysis
•    SWOT & PEST Analysis
•    Operational Requirements
•    Operational Strategy
•    Why some people in this business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
•    Ways to raise capital to start your business


Oyibo E. Moses8 Posts

Honey business is a kind of business that can give a 100% turn over every month. Honey is a commodity that is well sort after in Nigeria and other countries. It is eaten by all ages ranging from the adults, youths and children either directly or indirectly. It is gotten from a beehive, golden brown in colour and very thick. It has various uses mostly for medicines cosmetics and food.


  • Veronica Reply

    21 Nov 2019 at 11:12 pm

    Thanks so much for this article, very informative.

  • Oyibo E. Moses Reply

    22 Nov 2019 at 11:08 am

    Thanks for your comment ma

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